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Glossary of Terms - Personal Care Ingredients

Glossary of Terms - Personal Care Ingredients

A strong smelling liquid that is clear.  Maybe used as a painter thinner, but also fingernail polish remover.  Poisionous if consumed as the major ingredient is ethyl alcohol.

A clear liquid that varies in it’s potency.  In minimal quantities, such as a glass of red wine (which contains antioxidants) in the evening may be beneficial.  However, in general, alcohol is “empty calories”. This leads to weight gain, will disturb sleep, and if consumed in large quantities can cause liver disease. 

Another use may be a deterrent to infection, when it is defined as rubbing alcohol (however, it may be somewhat painful when applied to an open wound).

AHA’s are well known for use in the cosmetics industry.  Although the results have not been proven to be successful, the chemical is generally used to reduce the signs of aging.

A light, silver metallic ingredient in antiperspirants, antacids and antiseptics.  It is also used in cooking equipment, including pans and aluminium foil. Aluminium has been linked to Alzheimer's disease.

Natural preservatives work as well or better than artificial alternatives.

An impure, absorbent clay, which typically forms from weathering volcanic ash.  Bentomite may be in skin care products or as a bulk laxative.

This chemical prevents UV lights from damaging products’ colours such as those found in soaps and perfumes.

Aerosol propellant. Flammable and in high doses may be narcotic or cause asphyxiation. Very damaging to the environment.

A preservative found in processed meats to keep it from going rancid. This would include food items such as hot dogs, bologna, sausage and bratwurst.

A preservative found in a wide variety of products, including (but not limited to): cereals, beer, gum, lipstick and shampoos/conditioners.

A carbon based chemical used to make plastics and dental sealants

A protein especially found in the joints of animals and humans.  Collagen is especially deficient in the genetic disorder of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) where hypermobility and joint laxity exist.  Collagen injections are used to enhance lips and make skin appear younger/smoother.

Brown or black colouration used in hair dyes, lipstick, junk food and sodas.  Salmon farms frequently use it in the form of red dye to make their salmon appear more appealing.

Causes allergic reactions, irritates the eyes and dries the hair and skin

Chemicals found in sunscreens which can cause allergic reactions.  In many cases, sunscreens advertised as hypoallergic are not necessarily so, despite the label.

Carcinogenic ingredient found in cosmetics, such as body lotion, which can potentially serve as a skin irritant.

A potentially carcinogenic by-product that results from the process used to bleach paper at paper mills. Dioxin treated containers sometimes transfer dioxins to the product itself.

A protein found in connective tissue.  Elastine helps your skin return to its’ natural state when stretched or poked.

A clear liquid used historically during childbirth (mid-20th century in the United States), but also as an aesthetic for surgery.  A common side effect was nausea.

Ethylene glycol can be found in hair care products and facial/body washes as a fragrance ingredient, a solvent, and as an aid in controlling viscosity. We use water and ingredients derived from corn, coconut and palm kernel oils, and sea salt to control consistency in our body washes, and natural fragrances in all of our products.

A chemical substance added to water, toothpaste and/or added to teeth in dental visits to keep them healthy.

Gluten is the protein found in wheat, rye or barley. Some products can contain ingredients that are derivatives of these grains and can cause symptoms in those who are allergic to gluten.

A thick, sweet, and clear liquid often used in medicines and food to make them sweeter.  Also found as a cleaning agent in laundry and dishwashing soaps.  Additionally may be present in cosmetics, hair and skin products.

Fluorocarbons are commonly used as a propellant in hairsprays.

A chemical substance recommended by a great majority of dentists.  It is sometimes added to the general water supply and/or toothpaste.  It is believed to strengthen teeth.

FORMALDEHYDE: Imidazolidiny Urea, DMDM Hydantoin
These are both formaldehyde-forming preservatives. These have been found to be carcinogenic. They are used an embalming agents for deceased individuals.  Also used in the installation of carpet and plywood.  Some vaccines also include formaldehyde as well medications used to treat urinary tract infections (UTI’s).

A sweet or pleasant smell, such as that smell coming from fresh baked bread, lilacs or cinnamon.  It may also refer to the liquids we put on our bodies in order to smell better, such a perfume or cologne.

A chemical added to edible fats and fat containing foods to prevent rancification, which often causes unpleasant odours.  Also found in food packaging, cosmetics and some medications.  Concerning as it is known to be a human carcinogen.

Used as a solvent for coating for removing sticky residues from items such as tape or labels as well as cleaning computer drives and screens. 

A substance which contains a high percentage of fat obtained from wool.  It is used in skin creams and lotions to make the skin feel soft.

A carcinogen used in various personal care products such as (but not limited to): shampoo, facial cleansers, body wash, bubble bath, shaving cream, hair mousse and liquid soap.

A solvent and paint remover which contain carcinogens.

A derivative of crude oil (petroleum) that is used industrially as a cutting fluid and lubricating oil. Mineral oil forms an oily film over the skin to lock in moisture, but hinders normal skin respiration by keeping oxygen out. It does not penetrate.  Commonly found in baby oil for example.  Mineral oil has also been used for constipation and cleaning out ear wax.

Used in home care products such as detergent and cleaners.

Also known as octyl dimethyl, like DEA, a nitrosamine-forming agent. 

PARABENS: Ethyl Paraben, Methyl Paraben, Butyl Paraben, Propyl Paraben
Found in almost all skin care and cosmetics products including shampoos, toothpastes and baby products. Parabens are used as fragrance ingredients or as preservatives. We rely instead on natural preservatives and ingredients.

Mixture of chemicals that can trigger allergies and asthma. Some linked to cancer. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) reports that, while many popular perfumes, colognes and body sprays contain trace amounts of natural essences, they also typically contain a dozen or more potentially hazardous synthetic chemicals, some of which are derived from petroleum.

A surgical procedure for inserting a feeding tube without having to have an open abdominal operation.  The result is having a no ability to take food via mouth for a very long period of time.  The purpose of the procedure is to directly insert liquids and nutrition directly into the stomach. 

A petroleum based grease that is used industrially as a grease component. Petrolatum exhibits many of the same potentially harmful properties as mineral oil.

A very poisonous substance used in plastics.  Additionally, an ingredient found in aspirin, pharmaceutical drugs and herbicides. 

The main ingredient is sodium.  It is found in hair dyes to reduce the number of washings with fading of these dyes.   Phenylenediamine may cause irritation of the skin, increase allegories and/or be toxic when it comes into contact with skin. 

Phthalates are used to improve the performance of some personal care/cosmetic products (for example, to fix fragrance in a formula), but we have always avoided this class of ingredient.

A cosmetic form of mineral oil found in automatic brake and hydraulic fluid and industrial antifreeze. In skin and hair products, propylene glycol works as a humectant, which is a substance that retains the moisture content of skin or cosmetic products by preventing the escape of moisture or water. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) warn users to avoid skin contact with propylene glycol as this strong skin irritant can cause liver abnormalities and kidney damage.

A petroleum-based ingredient used in hairsprays.

Flumeide/formaldehye releaser.  Found in shampoo and baby wash.  May cause allergic skin reaction and is a carcinogen.

A very sweet artificial substance used as a substitute to replace sugar.  It is typically used by people who wish to lose weight or who are diabetic.  Most commonly consumed via diet soda.  In high concentrated levels, has been found to found damage in lab rats.

Silicone creates a quick fix for frizzy, uncontrollable hair by giving it a slick, almost slimy feel, and instant comb-ability. In the long run though, hair is more fragile after consistent use of silicones which make it an odd choice to use in hair products that are made for the most fragile hair types.

Sodium is commonly known as salt.  Many food items contain high levels of sodium that consumers are not aware of when they purchase and/or eat foods.  A risk factor in individuals with hypertension (high blood pressure).

A substance that companies reort ot claim is all natural, but usually is not.

Closely related to SLS.  As a carcinogen, the effects are more severe, but longer in duration than those caused by SLS.  The chemical is not metabolized by the liver which may result in long term damage. 

It is used in laboratories to illicit skin reactions for testing. Check your label for; Sodium Lauryl Sulphate or Sodium Laureth Sufate' or simply SLS or Ammonium Laureth Sulphate (family of SLS). Found in toothpastes, most cleansers such as soaps, shower gels, shampoos and bubble baths and in baby products. Extremely harsh on hair and skin.

Coal-tar dyes are generally labelled as FD&C or D&C followed by a number. The only colors found in our products are from the natural ingredients themselves.

Usually petroleum-alcohol based

A soft mineral derive of magnesium. 00Typically used in the making of talcum powder.

If swallowed, it can result in liver and kidney damage.  If prenanr you child may have birth defects and retardation.

Included in antibacterial and anti-fugal soaps, but there is questionable results in their actually reducing bacterial levels.

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